Close-range photogrammetry of the Cleveland-Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry, Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation, Emery County, Utah

  • Jonathan P. Warnock Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Department of Geoscience
  • Joseph E. Peterson University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, Department of Geology
  • Steven R. Clawson
  • Neffra A. Matthews Bureau of Land Management National Operations Center, Geospatial Section
  • Brent H. Breithaupt Bureau of Land Management, Wyoming State Office


Bone distribution data are essential for taphonomic assessments of bonebeds. The Cleveland-Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry (CLDQ), an Allosaurus-dominated bonebed within the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation, has been researched for nearly 100 years, but published maps are scarce considering the impor¬tance and density of the assemblage. Additionally, few detailed maps of bones from the CLDQ have been published in two dimensions, whereas the third, the stratigraphic/vertical, dimension has never been recorded. Utilizing standard field mapping techniques as well as photogrammetry, the three-dimensional orientations of bones currently exposed in the quarry have been analyzed for potential dispersal patterns. Additionally, a “living” or continuously updatable, photogrammetric map which allows for researchers to view the bones in three dimensions throughout the course of excavation has been created. Continued photogrammetry in future field seasons will allow visualization of bones in three dimensions even after the currently exposed bones have been removed. Utilizing these newly available data, two distinct clusters of bone within the South Butler Building at the quarry are identified. Based on statistically significant average orientations and depths of these bones, early-stage post-mortem transport of carcasses prior to disarticulation (i.e., bloat and float) is supported as an important transport and depositional process within the quarry assemblage. Furthermore, possible evidence of multiple depositional events is discussed.

Orthomosaic map of the 2015–2017 excavations of the South Butler Building at the Cleveland-Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry produced from photogrammetry and standard grid mapping. The Cleveland-Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry is located on the San Rafael Swell, Emery County, Utah.
How to Cite
Warnock , J., Peterson , J., Clawson , S., Matthews , N., and Breithaupt , B., 2018, Close-range photogrammetry of the Cleveland-Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry, Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation, Emery County, Utah: Geology of the Intermountain West, v. 5, p. 271-285., doi: 10.31711/giw.v5.pp271-285.